The capital of Uzbekistan - the city of Tashkent - has existed for more than 2200 years. During this time, he went from an ancient settlement to a major city in Central Asia. The city saw many memorable events and trials, met ups and downs. Tashkent is the personification of the very modern elegance that is characteristic of many capitals of the world. Being an eastern city, Tashkent has its unsurpassed flavor. The city harmoniously combines medieval buildings with European architecture.
A tour of the capital of Uzbekistan will begin with the religious center of modern Tashkent - Hast-i-Imam Square, where you can see the oldest manuscripts of Central Asia - the 7th century Koran Osman. Hast-i-Imam ensemble was formed on the grave of the famous scientist, expert on the Qur'an and Hadith, poet and artisan Hazret Imam.
The continuation of the excursion will begin with the existing Kukeldash Madrasah (16th century) - this is one of the largest and most preserved madrasas in Central Asia today, which is located in the ancient place of Tashkent - Chorsu. Having visited Chorsu, you will be able to get an unforgettable experience of oriental shops and souvenirs of our Motherland.
Further, the route lies from the Museum of Applied Arts of Uzbekistan to Amir Timur Square, which is not without reason called that. In the center of the square is a monument to Timur. He is depicted on a horse, which characterizes his strength and courage. Not far from the square is the Amir Temur Museum, where you can study in detail everything that touched the hand of the great commander.
Theater Square is the place where the operetta theater named after Alisher Navoi, which was built during the Second World War, is located.
Full day excursions in Samarkand.
Great Samarkand is one of the oldest cities in the world, its age is 2750 years. Samarkand is located in the picturesque valley of the Zarafshan River, surrounded by the Pamir-Alai Mountains. Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan and Amir Timur, who made Samarkand the capital of his great empire, wrote their names in the history of this famous city. Samarkand became the scientific and cultural center of the Middle East under the rule of Timur’s grandson, the “scientist on the throne,” Ulugbek.
The Guri-Emir Mausoleum (14 c.), Is the heart of Samarkand, where the remains of the great commander Amir Timur, his sons Shahrukh and Miranshah, his grandchildren Ulugbek and Muhammad Sultan rest. Timur’s spiritual mentor Mir Said Baraka was also honored to be buried in this mausoleum. In fact, this is a very unusual place, because being in it you will feel the grandeur of the history of the Samarkand region.
On three sides, Registan Square is surrounded by beautiful buildings: Ulugbek Madrasah (1417 - 1420), Sherdor Madrasah (1619 - 1636) and Tilla-Kari Madrasah (1647 - 1660). All these three madrassas are directed by the portals to the middle of the square and form a coordinated ensemble composition. Each building is distinguished by its unusual decor - colored stone carving on the walls and portals. The blue domes above the madrasah are made of baked brick, and on the outside they are decorated with glazed tiles, it shines brightly and shimmers in the sun.
Bibi Khanum Mosque. Following a successful trip to India, Timur decided to build the largest and most unusual building of the East mosque for his beloved wife, Bibi Khanum. Shining walls, huge minarets, a mosque portal constructed and carved by marble, glorified the name of Amir Timur and his beloved wife.
The continuation of the tour of Samarkand will begin with the Mausoleum of St. Daniel - this is a unique place of pilgrimage - the mausoleum of the spiritual guardian of Samarkand and the prophet of the three world religions - Hodge Daniyor (biblical prophet Daniel).
The Shoh-i-Zinda ensemble consists of eleven mausoleums that have been attached to each other in a row for 14-15 centuries. This unique and mysterious ensemble is located near the ancient city of Afrasiab. The ensemble is also called a graveyard street. The blue domes of the mausoleums, rushing in the distance into a chain, look like an elegant necklace from a bird's-eye view.
Ulugbek Observatory. The Ulugbek Observatory is a vivid confirmation of the significant development of architecture, science and culture in the 14th-15th centuries in Central Asia.
Factory "Meros" for the manufacture of Samarkand paper. Samarkand paper has a characteristic yellow tint. It is not specially bleached with chemicals, therefore, its shelf life is ten times longer than ordinary white paper. So, for example, if plain white paper of good quality lasts for 40-50 years, then Samarkand paper lasts about 250 years.
One of the oldest cities in the world is the fabulous Bukhara. It is incredibly breathtaking when you get acquainted with its architectural masterpieces that were created over a long history. Bukhara has many names. The word "Bukhara" is consonant with the Sanskrit word "vihara" - "monastery", also the Chinese "Bihar" is the place of idols. They say that the founder of Bukhara was the son of the Iranian king Siyavush. Having married the daughter of King Afrosiab, he built the fortress Ark here, and built a huge city, which to this day has not lost all its beauty and grandeur.
Your journey begins with a visit to the Lyabi-Khauz ensemble, this is one of the central squares of the city of Bukhara, an architectural ensemble created in the 16th-17th centuries. The square is formed by the buildings of the Kukeldash madrasah, the Divan-Begi madrasah and the khanaki Divan-Begi, grouped around the reservoir of the house Nadir-Begi.
Then follows the Kalyan Minaret (47 meters), without which it is impossible to imagine the silhouette of Bukhara. It was erected from burnt bricks of exquisite workmanship in 1127 during the reign of Arslanhan. Near the minaret is the Kalyan mosque and the Muslim religious school - Mir-i-Arab Madrasah, which has been functioning since the 16th century to this day.
One of the most historical and architectural structures characterizing the ancient history of Bukhara is the Citadel Ark (2nd century BC - 19th century), the Bolo House mosque (1712), domed trading buildings - Taki and Tima.
The Mausoleum of Ismail Samani (10c) is the oldest surviving building in Central Asia. This is a unique building, an outstanding monument of world architecture, which attracts scientists, artists and tourists from all over the world. The forms of the mausoleum of Ismail Samani are compared with Zoroastrian fire churches, with the architecture of funerary structures, with the forms of cache-fortresses, and even with residential architecture.
Mausoleum of Chashma Ayub ("Source of Job"). The legend of the monument is connected with the prophet Job (Ayub), who traveled as a preacher through Bukhara. There was a drought in Bukhara lands at this time. Job struck the earth with his staff, there appeared a healing spring, from which you can still drink fresh healing water.
Khiva is rightly called the "seventh wonder of the world", because of its fabulous atmosphere - "the era of the beginning of time." The city resembles an open-air museum. The basis of this museum is the Ichan-Kala fortress. The fortress is surrounded by powerful fortress walls, in which there are four gates that open every part of the world. Inside the fortress are concentrated all the architectural masterpieces of Khiva. Before the gaze of those who find themselves inside the fortress, amazing minarets and other buildings of Islamic architecture appear.
Kunya-Ark fortress "city in a city". Here were the Khan's mosque, the residence of the khan, the supreme court, the khan's reception - chicken khan, powder factory, mint, harem, kitchens, stables, guardhouse, etc. In the southern part of chicken khan there was a throne room with a two-column aivan (terrace). In the middle of the hall was a yurt; during receptions, a khan sat at her. Ivan was decorated with blue-white-blue majolica with a delightful ornament.
Visits to historical sites:
The multi-column mosque of Juma. The mosque was built in the 10th century, has 212 carved wooden columns. She accommodated all the men of the city who came to her for a Friday service.
The Pakhlavan Mahmud complex is the burial place of the famous poet in Khorezm, who was considered the patron saint of Khiva. The main hall of the mausoleum played the role of the tomb of the Khiva khans.
|Surcharge for extra room||-||$95|