Nugai caravanserai is a place extremely interesting for tourists who want to see Bukhara in all its glory. It’s worth starting with the fact that the Caravanserai is a kind of hotel for caravaners, such as a luxury. "Serai" means a palace, and in general, this is how it was. Merchants were people with money, and on the trade routes, the enterprising rich built these hotels. To spend the night, deposit the goods at the warehouse, exchange money, and even bargain, relax on a long journey and enjoy a good dinner at a teahouse, talking with fellow traders, all this was an integral part of the establishment. In addition to a comfortable overnight stay, the caravanserai also served as a fortress capable of withstanding the siege of robbers. For this, in most of these sites, there was a well in the courtyard, and food was stored in warehouses. In some caravanserais, they also provided bedding, dishes, in others only rooms for sleeping, and travelers needed to have everything they needed with them.
Nugai was distinguished by the fact that it could provide guests with all the necessary conditions. At any time of the day, life was in full swing, there was a brisk trade in Chinese fabrics, silk, and spices. Souvenirs from Iran, India, China, local products, various ethnic musical instruments traders brought here. Many varieties of tea also came here directly from East Asia. Within the walls of the caravanserai, tailoring of bathrobes and local and imported fabrics was arranged. The guests were invited not only to trade here but also to live, to store goods in warehouses. The place was well fortified.
The only entrance was equipped with strong gates. Nugai caravanserai was made in the form of one-story hujras located around the perimeter of the courtyard. There are about 45 hujras in total, which could easily accommodate not only the guests themselves but also their retinue. There were also rooms for staff.
Today, life in the walls of Nugai is also saturated. Only now there are many tourists who came to study the culture and life of Central Asia. Every year, the festival “From Silk to Spices” is held here, where visitors can not only enjoy the variety of craftsmen’s products but also purchase something for themselves.
It will be interesting: Souvenirs of Uzbekistan
During the festival, wine tasting from local grape varieties is open. Jewelry shops, souvenir shops, craft workshops operate here all year round. The caravanserai is under the protection of UNESCO. A state program for the restoration and conservation of this historically important building has been launched.