Two years after the establishment of Soviet power in the territory of the Turkestan region, the state "Architecture and Art" museum was founded in Bukhara. From 1922 to 1945 it was located in the old building, and later it was moved to the Ark fortress. In 1985, the status of the "museum" was changed to the "museum-reserve". Besides the main building, the museum has 6 more branches, which include several major architectural monuments of Bukhara. In the entire museum network, there are 18 spheres of exhibition which are constantly updated.
Among the museum’s expositions, one can see manuscripts, coins, and elements of Bukhara nature. The summer residence of the Emirs of Bukhara is one of the branches of the museum, it is located in Sitorai Mokhi-Khosa, in the suburb of Bukhara. Among the exhibits are elements of applied art, household items of Bukhara nobility, dishes. In the period of the late 19th, early 20th century, one can see everyday life in the memorial house-museum of Fayzulla Khodjaev. Literary expositions are presented in Kukeldash Madrassah. A rich collection of works by Aini, D.Ikrami and other writers of that time. On the territory of Nodir Divan-Begi, there are works of modern artisans of Bukhara. In addition, one can also be present during their work time and personally see the birth of another masterpiece of chasing on dishes. It is also possible to purchase these items directly in the museum.
The pride of the east, carpets, exhibited in the mosque Magoki-Attari. There are collected works of masters at different times, from the 18th to the 20th century. Unique products amaze the imagination because here one can watch the culture of weavers of Kazakhstan, Iran, Armenia, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. Despite the similar oriental manner of weavers, all the carpets are unique. Different pile, patterns, paints are used, bringing to life all the features of the work of masters.
Chashma-Ayub, a mausoleum in the old part of Bukhara, keeps the history of water supply of the city. The whole history of the region’s water supply in the exposition of this branch tells about the difficulties that had to be overcome in order to obtain and preserve water. Leather skins for transporting water, copperware, water from ceramics, all of this is the historical heritage of Bukhara.
The Ibrahim Ohund Madrassah will shed light on the history of the city of Varakhsha, one of the richest cities of the period 4-6 centuries BC. In fifty kilometers from Bukhara is the ancient settlement of Paykend. On its territory also operates one of the branches of the museum of Bukhara, which tells the story of this ancient city. The iconic place is known to the whole world as Avicenna's birthplace. The village of Afshona keeps the history of the life of the great scientist. In 1980, the museum of Abu-Ali Ibn Sino was opened here.
madrassah of Abdulazizkhan, one can see the work of artisans of the past. In Ulugbek Madrassah there is another part of the museum, which tells about the history of the restoration works of the city. Basically, this is the period after the 20s of the last century. The history of blacksmithing can be seen in the Kulut caravanserai museum, where one can even take part in the manufacture of products under the guidance of local blacksmiths.
All divisions of the history museum help not only tourists but also historians to study the peculiarities of life, the life of people in different time periods. Each branch is located where objects related to the branch of the museum are located as close as possible. This allows you to plunge deeper into that era and get maximum information. However, to complete the picture, you will have to allocate a whole day to visit the Museum of History of Bukhara.