Chor-Minor Madrasah: "four minarets"

Chor-Minor Madrasah: "four minarets"

Chor-Minor Madrasah is located behind Lyabi-Hauz on the open square. "Chor-minor" means «four minarets». It is not accidentally, as four small minarets with blue domes are adjoined on corners of a square and rectangular building of the madrasah. All minarets are different in decor and a form.

According to the legend, art decorations of these towers present religious - philosophical understanding of the four world religions. Some elements of decor remind cross, the Christian fish and Buddhist prayful wheels.

The madrasah Chor Minor has well remained up to now. It was constructed for money of a rich Turkmen Caliph Niyazkul. Some sources say that the construction of the madrasah dating from 1807. However, in accordance with archival documents, this madrasah was had already existed at the end of the XVIIth century.

At first sight, it seems that a building is the only gate of a lost madrasah. However, during a thorough examination, it becomes clear that Chor-Minor is a whole complex which consists of buildings that have both residential and ritual purpose.

The main building with towers is a mosque. It has a relatively simple interior. This mosque was intended for a daily fivefold namaz. The presence of a dome gives a hall sense of zikr-hona, i.e. places where Sufi conducted ritual ceremonies, which included: a recitation, singing, and instrumental music.

A courtyard located in front of a building wherein its center is placed revetted with stone blocks, a small reservoir — Hauz and on each side to the madrasah are adjoined Hejiras.

Chor-Minor is a favorite place of Bukhara guests because of unusual architecture and general harmony of the madrasah, and guides always show this architectural monument.

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