The Aral Sea is a former salt lake in Central Asia. It is on the border with Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.
В1989 To year the given sea was divided into two reservoirs — Northern (Small) and Southern (Big) the Aral Sea. Earlier in 1960th years, the water level in the sea has gone down, as water from the rivers of the Amu Darya feeding the sea and Syr-Darya was used for irrigation.
Once in a time, the Aral Sea was the fourth lake on size in the world. It possessed rich natural stocks. The zone close to Aral at that time prospered. Aral attracted all with its variety. The word "Aral" is translated from Turkic language as "island".
The tragedy of Aral has already gone outside the limits of the region. Annually from the dried up bottom of the sea more than 100 thousand tons of salt are carried downwind on far spaces, and also fine dust to dust which contains an impurity of every possible chemicals and poison. They perniciously influence live organisms. The given process amplifies that Aral is on a way of a strong jet current of air from the West to the east which promotes carrying out of aerosols in high layers of the atmosphere.
Researchers do terrible forecasts according to which by 2013-2018 there will be a total disappearance of Aral Sea, and on its place a new desert the Aral-kum will be formed.
Also, the disappearance of Aral will affect a climate in the region which will sharply change. Now in these regions, intensive deterioration of sharply continental climate is already observed. The summer season in the area next to Aral was truncated and became dry and the winter became more long and colder. From such heavy weather conditions suffer, certainly, inhabitants of Aral region who need water and struggle with various epidemics and illnesses.
Aral in due time was the leader of suppliers of seafood. Now water in the sea became too salty of what the majority of kinds of fishes died. Fish that remained comprises a high share of pesticides. There fishing and process industry are fading away. As a result, the population of Aral Sea remains unemployed.
The set of various versions are put forward concerning the disappearance of Aral sea. Some researchers say that the ground layer of the sea collapses also water flows to Caspian sea and adjoining lakes. Others insist on the theory that the disappearance of Aral is a natural process which is connected with climate change on a planet. The most widespread version speaks about the wrong distribution of water resources which feed Aral.
In order to avoid destruction of Aral, the International fund was created on the rescue of Aral Sea. It includes countries which Aral belongs to. Work of the fund is inefficient due to the absence of the consent among its members.
Once in Kazakhstan at the bottom of the Aral Sea were found ruins of the mausoleum which was constructed about 600 years ago. This fact, according to scientists, says that Aral dried up and earlier, and its swallowing has a cyclic character.