The Kirk-Kyz fortress (40 girls in translation) is located near Termez, only 3 kilometers away. It is believed that it was rebuilt by the Samanid ruler aside from settlements for solitude, since he liked to spend time in silence, away from the bustle of the city. However, judging by the scale and ruined outlines, there was no quiet here at all. The building dates from around the 9th-10th century AD.
It was a spacious territory on which all the main buildings were located, a small area in the center. Structurally, the cross intersects the corridors from the four sides of the fortress, all of them lead into the courtyard. There was also another room, presumably a living room. Massive walls, 54 meters long on each side, had a notched peak shape. At the corners of the rifle and observation towers. Fragments of the intricate painting of the rooms have been preserved in places, but everything has collapsed so much that the eye is not immediately able to notice them.
Arched vaulted arches are stacked with an intricate brick pattern, quite varied and interesting. Regarding the courtyard, scholars disagree. Some believe that once it was covered by a huge dome, which collapsed over time, while others believe that it was always open.
The fortress is also interesting with the legends that have been added about it. The name itself, Kirk-Kyz, Forty girls, revels in fantasy. One of the legends tells that 40 girls who had good military training lived in the walls of the fortress. They were slim, beautiful, well-controlled with weapons and successfully held the fortress defense for a long time. The leader was a girl named Gauhar, the most skilled warrior of all. One day, the enemy troops approached the walls of the fortress and a bloody battle ensued. For 40 days the ladies held the defense, but the enemy was strong, his army was numerous, and his help still could not be reached. All the comrades-in-arms of Gauhar died, and she was left alone. One by one, she shot arrows with enemies, but the stock of arrows was scarce and soon there was nothing to shoot. Then she went out of the gates of the fortress face to face against the enemy and shouted: “Apart from me, no one else survived the battle. I demand your best warrior to fight and let the outcome of the battle decide this whole battle.
While the leader decided which of the fighters to set against Gauhar, the exhausted girl staggered and the helmet fell from her head, and magnificent hair scattered over her shoulders. A loud exclamation swept through the ranks of the enemy when the fighters learned that all this time the girls had been fighting against them. Then the leader, in amazement, got off his horse, went up to Gauhar and kissed her hand. He did not expect that among the girls there could be such skilled warriors that not one of his fighters can compare with. He deployed his army and went home. The city was saved, and a little later, help arrived.
According to another version of the legend, after a long siege, the enemy managed to get inside the fortress, but at the very moment when the girls were surrounded by gloating enemies, the girls raised their hands to heaven and prayed for heaven to help them escape. At that moment, they turned into 40 snow-white birds and, with flapping wings, disappeared into the heavenly blue. The enemy remained confused, staring into the empty sky and the military ammunition left in place of the girls.