Buddhist cult center Kara-Tepa is located on a three-private height of sandstone, its area makes up approximately. The name of a complex in translation means "black hill". The center included a complex of independent constructions.
There were land-cave and land constructions. Land-cave constructions were presented in a form of land structures, which were created from a clay mud brick and caves.
Archeologists found ladders in land rooms that indicated on the existence of second floors. Inscriptions on ceramics often included the word "vikhara" - a monastery, scientists believe that land-cave constructions Karatepa are monasteries.
Mortars on Karatepa were made of clay, they were covered with stone lining, then Buddha and also people, sacred symbols, and animals were drawn. This method of mortars construction was observed across all Central Asia, there prevailed clay over a stone and a tree.
A sculpture of Buddha, his pupils, and admirers were also created from clay. Sometimes outlining was made from limestone. According to remained small fragments, it is possible to conclude that there was also a stone statue of Buddha in Karatepa.
An image of Buddha was in all temples and monasteries. In Karatepa remained safely a fragment of wall painting which was made on the clay basis by means of glutinous paints. Buddha sits there in a dhyana pose, with a red toga on him. A fresco was almost erased, but it doesn't interfere to apprehend its harmony and beauty.