The town of Rishtan is located in the Fergana Valley between the cities of Kokand and Fergana. There are no ancient monuments of art, there are no fortresses. This small town is famous for its potters. The production of ceramics arose about a thousand years ago, and so far it continues to develop and grow in scale. This city is located on one of the many branches of the Great Silk Road, from which the demand for ceramics has been constant since the very beginning of the pottery in Rishtan.
Most often, pottery is the business of the dynasty of masters. Alisher Nazirov, a master of ceramics, has lived in this city for seven decades. But in his family, he became the first one to do pottery. Now Usto (master) Alisher Nazirov has been awarded the UNESCO diploma and is a member of the Academy of Arts. Raw materials for the manufacture of ceramic products are mined next to Rishtan. Red clay, which is abundant in the Fergana region, is ideal for pottery.
In the pottery house of Alisher Nazirov, following the tradition, blue ceramics are made. A special color for ornaments and patterns of ceramics is attached to the so-called painting technique "chor gul" - four colors. For dyes, only natural elements are used. The blue color is cobalt, a copper oxide for blue paint, and iron for brown. However, these are not the only ingredients of the dyes. Each master keeps a secret of his own composition of colors, passing it exclusively to selected students. Against the backdrop of white glaze, the master manually deduces the most intricate patterns, from national ornaments to geometrically rigorous drawings, consisting of the smallest elements.
Alisher Nazirov trained with the master of ceramics Isodziti Asakura in Japan participated in international exhibitions. His works are stored in a number of major museums in Japan, Russia, Uzbekistan. The uniqueness of each product is amazing. In view of the fact that everything is done by hand, starting with shaping and finishing with painting, it is impossible to find two identical lagans, piallops or ceramic tiles. They are all unique and beautiful in their own way. It is impossible to stop your choice on one thing or decide what is best.
The son of Alisher Nazirov continued the pottery of his father, turning it into a family tradition, and he was developing pottery in Rishtan together with his farther, teaching pupils in the School of Ceramics. The school was an old dream of Alisher Nazirov, which was implemented in 2005. Nowadays, a lot of ready-made works of the master are exhibited in the pottery house. They are constantly replenished, bringing new ideas to the pottery and inspiring the pupils to fully dedicate themselves to the chosen case.