Kutlug Murad Inak Madrassah

Kutlug Murad Inak Madrassah

Kutlug Murad Inak Madrassah is located next to the gates of Palvan-Darvaza. It was built in 1809 during the reign of Muhammad Rahimkhan, under the leadership of his younger brother Kutlug Murad Inak.

The beginning of the improvement of Khiva, laid by Allakulikhan, had a great impact on urban plans in subsequent years. So the oriental world appeared madrassas, structurally different from the usual structure of a similar nature. Khiva masters had not previously built two-story madrasahs and therefore took the construction of the Bukhara madrasah Abdulazizkhan as a basis. However, the madrasah only partially resembles Bukhara. Masters improved some designs and made their own style in the design.

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Partially simplifying the design, the architects saved money, and the madrasah was deprived of the usual aiwan in the courtyard and rooms above the portal. But the portals themselves were decorated with Khiva patterns, which had not been seen before in similar architecture. On the eastern side was a mosque, and above it a balcony, to the level of the second floor of the hujras.

The northern and southern superstructures above the portals are wider than others. Thus, the masters managed to create an alternation of architectural elements, reviving the usual strict geometry. The richly decorated facade also stands out for the madrasah, the glossy majolica on it and on the corner towers, the decoration with ganch (carved plaster) gives the madrasah a more solemn appearance.

Inside the madrassah, everything is done in a strict framework, no-frills. The mosque and the study room are also without bright elements, but their wooden doors are a work of art by masters, like the doors of the main entrance. Khujras, located on two floors, have inside a semblance of a second-tier, a kind of shelf for storing food, dishes, textbooks, and any necessary household items.

There is a legend that Kutlug-Murad asked to be buried at the entrance to the madrassah. However, the cemetery is located outside the fortress and traditionally people were not buried within the city. However, in tribute to the blessed memory of a respected person, the clergy with the elders found a way to fulfill their death wish and observe the traditions of burying in the countryside. Part of the fortress wall, which was located close to the territory of the madrasah, was destroyed. Thanks to this, the courtyard of the madrasah turned out to be out of the city and became part of the wall of Dishan-Kala. From there the body of the deceased ruler was brought in and buried at the entrance to the madrassah. A little later, the wall was restored.

According to the document from 1858, 95 students studied at the madrasah, under the strict guidance of two teachers. There was also a full-time barber, cleaner, muezzin, imam and head of the madrassah - mutevelli. As a result of training, students took the exam of a special commission, which was sometimes headed by the khan himself. Studying here was considered prestigious, and the level of education in the madrasah was very high. Today, there are craft workshops on the territory and various exhibitions are held.

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