Baths of Anush Khan

Baths of Anush Khan

One of the legendary places of Khiva is Baths of Anush Khan. The story of the baths is amazing, like most eastern stories.

Abulkazikhan, who initiated the construction of baths, had 9 sons. Strong, handsome guys pleased their father with their successes and they prophesied a great future. Only now he did not have a daughter, and this upset the khan. The boy also turned out to be the tenth child, but the khan's close associates, frightened by his anger, hid this fact and reported the birth of their daughter. Khan was happy to hear this news and named the girl Anush. They also called the Armenian concubine of the khan, to whom he had warm feelings.

Abulkazikhan was known as a competent governor and an excellent warrior, most of his battles were successful. But it so happened that in one of the battles he was captured by the Bukhara emir. The sons did not dare to go against the strong army of the emir and did not rescue the father. Only Anusha, having gathered the army, moved to save her father. The emir of Bukhara was expecting the nine sons of Abulkazikhan and was confused when he saw his daughter. Anusha proposed a deal: if he can surprise the emir, then he lets her go home with his father. The Bukhara emir, having seen miracles, agreed to a deal, realizing that it was very difficult to surprise him with anything. Then Anusha threw off her clothes and the emir’s eyes appeared a handsome body of a young man. He did not expect this and was forced to keep his word by letting the prisoner home with his son.

Returning to Khiva, Abulkazikhan stated that from now on he has 9 daughters and only one son, Anush. In honor of his son, the khan rebuilt a mosque and therapeutic baths.

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In fact, these baths are amazing not only because of the legend. In 1664, in these saunas, there was a water supply, sewage, and even special heating system. There was a special room under the floor of the baths, which heated the floors and made it possible to keep heat in the baths even in the coldest winter. Structurally, the baths consisted of several rooms: an entrance hall, a locker room and the bathing rooms themselves. It was believed that water procedures in these baths heal. Given that the baths were located next to the main trading gate, among the caravaners who were tired of a long journey, they were in great demand and brought a good income.

A visit to the baths was paid, and all the proceeds did not go to the treasury, but to charity and maintenance of the Ak-mosque. This is one example of Khan's generosity and virtue.

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