For the most part, the architecture of Khiva in bright colors was created during the period of 18-19 centuries, and the earlier one was executed in an ascetic spirit, in strict colors, and sometimes even without decoration. One of the oldest madrassahs is Khoji Berdybai. Its construction dates back to 1688, the initiators were several rich people who were respected among the population of Khiva. It was decided to build near the gates of Palvan-Darvaz. It was one of the main city gates, therefore, the madrasah was to become important and attended an educational institution.
The construct was standard, a rectangular perimeter, along which there were rooms for students and teachers. A courtyard with aiwans in the corners, where students hid from the heat in summer days. Carved doors at the entrance, wooden lattices with paintings in window openings, for the most part, this was the main bright element in the decor of the madrasah. The far corner was occupied by the classroom, darskhona. A small room with a dome, a square square room could accommodate a couple of dozen people. Khujra was only 16 pieces. Correct geometric shapes adorned the wall of the main entrance, several arched openings of lancet form. Minimalism, asceticism was present in everything.
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In the first half of the 19th century, the major Khiva khan Allakulikhan conceived the construction of a new madrasah. As well as the Khoja Berdybai madrasah, it was decided to place a new one at the main gate of the fortress. Traditionally, it was decided to build a larger and brighter building. By that time, the courtyard of the fortress was so densely built up that there wasn’t enough space for scope, and part of the city wall was broken during the construction, and a new Allakulikhan madrasah appeared on the territory of the Khoja Berdyba madrassa. Thus, the territory was divided into two sections, with different levels of foundation. Outwardly, it was very much like a nomads' hiking bag, a khurjum, which hung on either side of a horse or camel. So among the people, the second name of the Khoja Berdybai madrasah, Khurdjum, was fixed.