Arab Muhammad-Khan Madrassah

Arab Muhammad-Khan Madrassah

Madrassah Arab Muhammad Khan is one of the most ancient buildings of Khiva. A significant event spurred the construction of the complex. At that time, Arab Muhammad Khan was the ruler of Khorezm. He also decided to transfer the capital of their Khanate Urgench to Khiva. At that time in Khiva, there was already a significant number of mosques, madrassahs, and other architectural beauties, but it was worthwhile to note the status of the capital with something significant. In 1616, the khan ordered the construction of a madrasah in the center of Khiva.

On a plot of land chosen for construction, there was a small madrassah owned by a wealthy resident of the city. Arab Muhammad honestly bought a building and land from her, and a new madrasah was built in its place, with style and scope.

The traditional rectangular shape of the courtyard, a one-story row of hujras for students, small minarets in the corners. Above the portal entrance, according to the established tradition, is a quote from the Qur'an. Subsequently, the madrasah was repeatedly restored or completed. So the second floor with hujras appeared, during the reign of Allakulikhan, the building was rebuilt to the new trends of architecture. The input portal has also been slightly modified. Carved columns have been preserved; in some places, you can see elements of the old ceiling. In general, it is outwardly a strict building, with clear shapes and a clear purpose.

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We should pay tribute to the Arab Muhammad Khan, he was able to remove the Khorezm Khanate from decline. At that time there were regular attacks by hordes of Kazakhs and Kalmyks against the Khanate and Khorezm was on the verge. At the very beginning of his reign, the khan managed to recapture the troops under the command of experienced atamans, than managed to restore the respect of the neighbors. But did not begin to return former luxury in Urgench, and declared the capital of Khiva.

With the construction of the madrasah, a new round of development of the architecture of Khiva began. In addition to the madrasah, he rebuilt many mosques, municipal buildings, many of which have stood to this day. With him, Khiva became so beautiful that she could compete for the title of the most beautiful city in Central Asia along with Samarkand or Bukhara. Despite the many architectural masterpieces, the madrasah is one of the most popular places among tourists. After all, it was with him that the new history of Khiva began.

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