Khiva is a contrasting city. The famous bright minarets, massive fortresses and azure domes of mosques stand side by side with seemingly plain-looking buildings. One of them is Said-Allauddin Mausoleum. Many tourists pass by without paying attention to such structures. Not surprisingly, the building does not have bright finishes, brick walls, ascetic style, only the masonry itself is made in geometric shapes. Traditional dome, entrance lancet portal. It can be seen that this was not built in one period, and part of the building is an extension. But he has a mysterious story.
Today it is known that the ashes of the descendant of the prophet Muhammad, Said Allauddin, rest here. He preached the Sufi trend of Islam, was a famous theologian. He died in 1303 and is buried in this very place. Only half a century later a mausoleum appeared over his grave. The architect is not known.
Historians believe that the mausoleum was originally rebuilt to bury the remains of Amir Kulal, and attribute the date of its construction to the end of the 14th century. Later, an extension to the mausoleum was made, in the form of a square prayer room (ziyarat khona) on the western side. The initial appearance of the mausoleum has changed quite a lot. In the same 19th century, a pedestal appeared over the grave of Khan Said Muhammad, who united his grave with a neighboring one.
The clay brick underlying the construction of the mausoleum has been well preserved to this day. Stepped elements, rough brick molding, lack of decor - strongly contrast with the usual architecture of that period.
However, external minimalism and simplicity allow one to enjoy the rich decoration of tombstones and tombs. Bright colors in the Khiva style, blue, blue and yellow shades - the merit of the masters of the 19th century. The style is almost identical to the traditions of masters and artists of the period of the 14th century, which once again speaks of the importance of this place and the preservation of the traditions of Khiva.
The mausoleum is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List and is protected by the state. Khiva newlyweds consider it obligatory to visit him during a wedding walk. In addition, the mausoleum, during the year, takes a large number of pilgrims. Located next to the Matniyaz Divan-begi madrasah, it is an extremely amazing building, which you should not pass by.